21 de set de 2011

Clinical comparison of primary versus secondary epilepsy in 125 cats

Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery (2010) 12, 910-916

In the present study 125 cats with recurrent seizures were analysed. The main
goal was to investigate the aetiology and compare primary epilepsy (PE) with
secondary epilepsy (SE) regarding signalment, history, ictal pattern, clinical and
neurological findings. Seizure aetiology was classified as PE in 47 (38%) and SE
in 78 (62%) cats. SE was caused mainly by intracranial neoplasia (16),
hippocampal necrosis (14), toxicosis (eight), and encephalitis (seven). A
significant difference between PE and SE was found in: age, body weight,
duration of seizure, occurrence of status epilepticus and neurological deficits.
Status epilepticus, altered interictal neurological status and seizure onset over
the age of 7 years indicated SE more frequently than PE. If the seizures occurred
during resting conditions and rapid running occurred the aetiology was more
likely to be PE than SE

19 de set de 2011

Seizures and neurological emergencies in the cat and dog

Irish Veterinary Journal Volume 62 Number 8
Rita Goncalves

Recognising neurological emergency cases is crucial as delays in
diagnostic approach can result in permanent deficits. Rita Goncalves
offers an insight into the underlying aetiologies, diagnostic approaches
and treatment options for seizures in the dog and cat

15 de set de 2011

Optic neuritis caused by canine distemper virus in a Jack Russell terrier

Can Vet J. 2011 April; 52(4): 398–402

Tara R. Richards, Nick C. Whelan, Chantale L. Pinard, Fernanda Castillo Alcala, and Katheryn C. Wolfe

An atypical case of canine distemper (CD) was diagnosed in a vaccinated healthy adult dog. The patient was presented circling, seizuring, and blind. Postmortem examination resulted in a diagnosis of CD. Optic neuritis was diagnosed, a finding not previously described in the context of CD virus infection presenting solely with neurological signs.

12 de set de 2011

Anoftalmia clínica bilateral associada à hidrocefalia congênita em cão

Cienc. Rural vol.41 no.7 Santa Maria jul. 2011

Mariana Isa Poci Palumbo, Jorge Piovesan Conti; Danuta Pulz Doiche; Maria Jaqueline Mamprim; Maria Lúcia Gomes Lourenço; Luiz Henrique de Araújo Machado

RESUMO

A ausência completa do bulbo ocular é muito rara em cães e gatos, enquanto a hidrocefalia é comumente observada como distúrbio congênito em cães de raças miniatura ou braquicefálicas, com menos de um ano de idade. O presente trabalho relata a ocorrência de anoftalmia clínica bilateral associada à hidrocefalia congênita em um cão da raça poodle, sendo este o primeiro relato de caso da associação dessas alterações no Brasil.
Palavras-chave: neurologia, cão, oftalmologia, alterações congênitas.

Bilateral clinical anophthalmia associated with congenital hydrocephalus in the dogABSTRACT
The complete absence of the eyeball is rare in dogs and cats, and hydrocephalus is commonly seen as a congenital disorder in toy or brachycephalic dogs before one year old. This paper describes for the first time in Brazil the occurrence of bilateral clinical anophthalmia associated to congenital hydrocephalus in a dog.

Key words: neurology, dog, ophthalmology, congenital disorders.